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Bauhaus School of Architecture Modernist Build

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jduartemiller avatar jduartemiller
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
849
I am hosting a Speed Build Contest to celebrate reaching 400 subscribers, and to thank all of my subscribers for their support and encouragement. Check it out if you are interested in participating.

Many of the builders on PMC consider themselves to be modern builders. Whether it is the simplistic glass facades, the open floor plans, the rectilinear forms, or the material choices (among many other elements), the ideas that they try to employ in their projects can all be traced back to this school and what it stood for. Beginning in 1919 in the city of Weimar (pronouced Vi-mar), the school was founded by architect Walter Gropius, with the core idea of reimagining the material world to reflect the unity of all the arts. This was a radical idea in an era of architecture completely absorbed by theory and imitation dictated by the classical styles.



This is what European architecture was all about until the 19th century. I strongly believe that the last great leap in architectural understanding was the Gothic era of the 12th and 13th century, and the rest of the styles (classical, baroque, romanesque, etc.) were merely derivations, and reimaginings of the classical orders, using the same materials. For nearly 600 years, architecture was relatively stagnant. There was this love for the Greek and Roman styles, a longing to reach the greatness of these ancient societies, but it left architecture throughout the western world to be defined by unoriginal ideas. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Baroque styles began to reach the forefront of the architectural world, yet all it really offered was color and distortion of classical forms, with little, if any, true advancements within architecture.


Walter Gropius, using ideas of other fellow modern architects, wanted to focus on the craft of the building rather than saturate it with ornamentation, as previous architectural styles had focused on.. Simplicity in geometry and fully embracing and celebrating modern materials (concrete, steel, etc.) was at the utmost importance to him. He also believed in not just teaching architectural theory, but putting it into practice. He created the idea of teaching in a studio and having the disciplines (arts, sciences, architecture, math, engineering, etc.) all merged together to almost recreate the Renaissance man title that architects once held. Gropius explained this vision for a union of art and design in the Proclamation of the Bauhaus, which described a utopian craft guild combining architecture, sculpture, and painting into a single creative expression.
 
In1925, the school moved to Dessau (after Weimar refused to house the school any longer), a city about 70 miles outside of Berlin. Gropius designed the school and the houses near the campus for the "Master" architects, who were the top ranking professors for the school. The teaching practiced the concept of total architecture, where by every element of a building from the building itself down to the furniture, light fixtures, and door handles could be designed. In the later years of the school, it was under the direction of Mies Van der Rohe, where he put an increase on building practices (where other directors had focused on art, photography, sculpting, and other facets of art). The increasingly unstable political situation in Germany, combined with the perilous financial condition of the Bauhaus, caused Van der Rohe to relocate the school to Berlin in 1930, where it operated on a reduced scale. He ultimately closed the Bauhaus in 1933.


The school itself may not seem that radical of a design today, particularly with architects like Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, and Daniel Libeskind creating these fantastic shapes using computer aided processes, but in an era dominated by the classical ratios, where the primary materials being used were stone and wood, this was a complete affront to the previous ideas. Everything from the simple form, the asymmetrical site plan, and even the lettering of Bauhaus on the south facing stair core, was so radically different. The idea of having a curtain wall system where the walls no longer had to bare the load of the building was a radical and state-of-the-art idea. The radiating effects of this school have echoed around the world, as the heads of the school (Gropius and Van der Rohe, among others) immigrated to America for political asylum and to continue their work. Everything in architecture, from the designs themselves to the teaching practices of architecture, since the era of the Bauhaus has been influenced strongly by the philosophies that this school defined itself by.


The building survived through the war, and the Anhalt University now owns the campus and has a strong architecture and arts departments established here. While the building itself is no longer used for architecture anymore, they still use the lecture hall and a number of the classroom, as well as having a small museum displaying some of the history of the Bauhaus. All the fixtures, doors, windows, and mechanics of the building are all wonderfully restored to their original state. Walter Gropius' office was also recreated, complete with a famous desk and chair designed by Gropius himself.

My interpretation is about as close to a 1:1 scale that i could make it. Ibased it off of a series of images and floor plans of the building to try to get it as accurate as possible. The walls are blocked out, defining classrooms, the open studios, and the various offices. The tallest portion of the building is dedicated to dormitories, which are fully furnished. And this is a continuation of my tribute to the masters of Modernism, with the first being my interpretation of a Le Corbusier design. Let me know what you think this build.

Dimensions: 141 x 118 x 28

Using High Rossferry City Texture Pack
Thank you Darkone55
Progress100% complete
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1
05/21/2014 2:38 pm
Level 32 : Artisan Architect
Ekthon
Ekthon avatar
amazing! loved the backstory too
1
05/19/2014 10:02 am
Level 37 : Artisan Pixel Painter
Ezpwnage
Ezpwnage avatar
Nicely done. Did you render this in Chunky? (If so, could you tell me where you got these awesome skymaps?)
1
05/24/2014 4:08 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
There are two sites that i have used, and you can search for more using google (it's limited, but there are some that can be found there).
https://www.wuala.com/Olson/Photos/Optikz_360_Skies/
http://www.cgskies.com/skies.php?hdronly=&sortby=rating&pagesize=
1
05/26/2014 10:38 am
Level 37 : Artisan Pixel Painter
Ezpwnage
Ezpwnage avatar
Thanks.
1
05/19/2014 5:26 am
Level 50 : Grandmaster Architect
mies_vdr
mies_vdr avatar
when walter gropius could see this - he would be proud !
1
05/19/2014 7:17 am
Level 62 : High Grandmaster Architect
NinamanOfficial
NinamanOfficial avatar
Ahhh indeed man!
1
05/19/2014 2:04 am
Level 24 : Expert Fisherman
Fishmastr
Fishmastr avatar
Hehe, the build itself is nothing that requires awesome skill, but thats what modern architecture is about. Look at all those modern homes. But this means that this build is really close to reality, thats what i want to appreciate. It looks really awesome.

Would be nice if you could add one screenshot with default tex pack?

And take my diamond!
1
05/18/2014 10:05 pm
Level 62 : High Grandmaster Narwhal
Althestane
Althestane avatar
I can't believe no one thought of this before. Modernism and Minecraft - TRUE modernist architecture, not just the fancy boxes of contemporary architecture.  Well done, sir!  Now I feel compelled to try something from Le Corbusier's works.
1
05/18/2014 10:14 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Thank you. I'm glad you liked it. I enjoy exploring the various styles of architecture and trying to understand them and the buildings themselves better. That's a lot of the reasons i do these kinds of builds (referring to the recreations). It gives me ideas that i can later employ in my own design work
1
05/18/2014 6:44 pm
Level 33 : Artisan Architect
PuppetFoam
PuppetFoam avatar
Kewl!
1
05/18/2014 1:48 pm
Level 50 : Grandmaster Architect
Tecno_
Tecno_ avatar
I LOVE IT!!
1
05/18/2014 1:12 pm
Level 47 : Master Sweetheart
Zatharel
Zatharel avatar
Nice job!
1
05/18/2014 7:57 am
Level 37 : Artisan Fox
FkaJustin
FkaJustin avatar
stunning build man.
1
05/18/2014 11:15 am
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Thank you. i'm glad you like it
1
05/17/2014 11:46 pm
Level 22 : Expert Skinner
MusicalCrazeMan
MusicalCrazeMan avatar
Very nice. The building looks as if it is in real life (even if it's a replica of a real life building) But you should improve on the interioir, or it really looks like that.
1
05/18/2014 12:26 am
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Thank you. I may come back and do the interiors, but i don't remember what the interiors of all of the offices or the studios looked like.
1
05/17/2014 6:19 pm
Level 24 : Expert Architect
xpgamerTV
xpgamerTV avatar
what is love
1
05/17/2014 6:28 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Baby don't hurt me, don't hurt me, no more

I couldn't resist
1
05/18/2014 10:00 am
Level 62 : High Grandmaster Architect
NinamanOfficial
NinamanOfficial avatar
Jim Carry <3
1
05/18/2014 11:15 am
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Yeah, this gave me a good laugh.
1
05/17/2014 5:01 pm
Level 38 : Artisan Architect
Minetopias
Minetopias avatar
Like it and i like the Bauhaus houses

One of my school projects was about it
1
05/17/2014 5:11 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
It is a really cool building, and i love the mechanic elements, particularly on the windows. There is something beautiful in the engineering of it. Mies was a brilliant man. And i'm glad you liked my build
1
05/17/2014 5:20 pm
Level 38 : Artisan Architect
Minetopias
Minetopias avatar
The bauhaus arcectecture is my favorit building style its simpel, modern and the best its a buildstyle from 1919
(first bauhaus school) 

Sorry for this english
1
05/17/2014 5:22 pm
Level 38 : Artisan Architect
Minetopias
Minetopias avatar
I fogot its the first step to the modern arcitecture
1
05/17/2014 5:45 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
It was a truly revolutionary style, and it was a time that they were really able to utilize the modern materials and create new building systems. And to note, Bauhaus was started in 1919, though modernism as a style began, depending on who you talk to, anywhere between the 1850s to the early 1900s (though what styles most people consider modern, like the buildings of Wright, Gropius, Corbusier, and Mies were built in the early 1900s and afterwards)
1
05/17/2014 5:51 pm
Level 38 : Artisan Architect
Minetopias
Minetopias avatar
sorry 1913 was my mistake
1
05/17/2014 1:49 pm
Level 1 : New Crafter
HighDefinition
HighDefinition avatar
You didn't put the letters :p
Still, great work! Looks exactly like the image I have!
1
05/17/2014 5:10 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
To get the letters to the right shape, i would have had to blow the scale of the building by about a factor of ten, so i understandably neglected that in the build. But i'm glad you liked it
1
05/17/2014 10:53 am
Level 42 : Master Dolphin
JamieGre
JamieGre avatar
Looks great.
1
05/17/2014 12:04 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Thank you
1
05/17/2014 10:48 am
Level 62 : High Grandmaster Architect
NinamanOfficial
NinamanOfficial avatar
Great to see it finished man! Came out great.
1
05/17/2014 12:04 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Thanks, buddy. I'm pleased with it, too.
1
05/17/2014 10:03 am
Level 53 : Grandmaster Lava Rider
eagoy
eagoy avatar
Good to know you will host another contest soon, although I still need to finish an other one.

It is nicely done made. I like it in the coffee shop (excellent render) that you changed the blocktype under the grasslevel. I do miss the bathrooms in the dormitories though.
1
05/17/2014 12:03 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Yeah, the brick was a nice touch. And in the actual building, there was a lot of brick in the basement area. I recreated this from memory, so i was trying to get the layout and the materials as best as i could. The bathrooms in the dorms, though, i didn't really want to put in. The actual dorms are not opened to the public, but i furnished them to have something there. And thank you for the compliments
1
05/17/2014 1:07 pm
Level 53 : Grandmaster Lava Rider
eagoy
eagoy avatar
From the comment I get the impression that you have visited the Bauhaus school yourself.

The wall of text is probably the longest you have done so far but if you read it, it is clear that all of it add something to background of the school. Did you know this already or searched it up or maybe was it an essay from school? Just guessing and curious since it is long and informative overall.
1
05/17/2014 5:08 pm
Level 64 : High Grandmaster Architect
jduartemiller
jduartemiller avatar
Bit of research, and the practices of this school is very influential to my own education. I also had the fortune of studying at Anhalt University's Dessau International Architecture graduate program, which is on the campus where the Bauhaus is. I spent a number of hours in that coffee shop, toured the building, and did an analytical study of the building for a small project.
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