Chora Monestary Constantinople

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avatar theannihilator2
Level 57 : Grandmaster Engineer
239
This is my 1:1 scale reconstruction of the chora monastery/ church of Constantinople. its been sitting around a while so its a quick post

Some history


The Chora Church was originally built as part of a monastery complex outside the walls of Constantinople, to the south of the Golden Horn. Literally translated, the church's full name was the Church of the Holy Saviour in the Country: although "The Church of the Holy Redeemer in the Fields" would be a more natural rendering of the name in English. (Greek ἡ Ἐκκλησία τοῦ Ἁγίου Σωτῆρος ἐν τῇ Χώρᾳ, hē Ekklēsia tou Hagiou Sōtēros en tēi Chōrai).[​2] The last part of that name, Chora,
referring to its location originally outside of the walls, became the
shortened name of the church. The original church on this site was built
in the early 4th century, and stood outside of the 4th century walls of Constantine the Great. However, when Theodosius II built his formidable land walls in 413–414, the church became incorporated within the city's defences, but retained the name Chora. The name must have carried symbolic meaning, as the mosaics in the narthex describe Christ as the Land of the Living (ἡ Χώρα τῶν ζώντων, hē Chōra tōn zōntōn) and Mary, the Mother of Jesus, as the Container of the Uncontainable (ἡ Χώρα τοῦ Ἀχωρήτου, hē Chōra tou Achōrētou).


The majority of the fabric of the current building dates from 1077–1081, when Maria Dukaina, the mother-in-law of Alexius I Comnenus, rebuilt the Chora Church as an inscribed cross or quincunx:
a popular architectural style of the time. Early in the 12th century,
the church suffered a partial collapse, perhaps due to an earthquake. The church was rebuilt by Isaac Comnenus,
Alexius's third son. However, it was only after the third phase of
building, two centuries after, that the church as it stands today was
completed. The powerful Byzantine statesman Theodore Metochites endowed the church with many of its fine mosaics and frescos.
Theodore's impressive decoration of the interior was carried out
between 1315 and 1321. The mosaic-work is the finest example of the Palaeologian Renaissance. The artists remain unknown. In 1328, Theodore was sent into exile by the usurper Andronicus III Palaeologus. However, he was allowed to return to the city two years later, and lived out the last two years of his life as a monk in his Chora Church.


In the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the monastery was home to the scholar Maximus Planudes, who was responsible for the restoration and reintroduction of Ptolemy's Geography to the Byzantines and, ultimately, to Renaissance Italy. During the last siege of Constantinople in 1453, the Icon of the Theotokos Hodegetria, considered the protector of the City, was brought to Chora in order to assist the defenders against the assault of the Ottomans.[​3]


Around fifty years after the fall of the city to the Ottomans, Atık Ali Paşa, the Grand Vizier of Sultan Bayezid II, ordered the Chora Church to be converted into a mosqueKariye Camii. The word Kariye derived from the Greek name Chora.[​4] Due to the prohibition against iconic images in Islam,
the mosaics and frescoes were covered behind a layer of plaster. This
and frequent earthquakes in the region have taken their toll on the
artwork.


Please enjoy and hope it inspires some more
roman builds, you can use it for anything you want just give me credit
for building it
Creditwikipedia for the history write up chora musem website and reconstructions ,byzantine legacy, byzantium 1200 reconstruction
Progress100% complete
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08/13/2020 12:17 pm
Level 41 : Master Professor
Lunar_
I like this alot :)
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