Minecraft Maps

SMS Derfflinger (1913) 4:1 Scale

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avatar ConfuseACat
Level 42 : Master Engineer
148
Imperial German Battlecruiser SMS Derfflinger (1913) (4:1 Scale)











SMS Derfflinger was a battlecruiser of the Imperial German Navy during the First World War, and was one of the navy’s most successful vessels. I personally think that the Derfflinger class were beautiful ships, as well as being a very effective design, so they’re among my favourite ships in general.


I’d previously done 1:1 scale versions of the class – Derfflinger and Lützow are in Project Jutland, while 1:1 Hindenburg has a separate project page.


When I fancied doing a 4:1 scale build, Derfflinger seemed like the obvious choice. I've since also done Lützow in 4:1 scale, and she can be seen here.





History


The Fourth Naval Law, passed in 1912, authorised three new dreadnoughts. They became the Derfflinger class battlecruisers, a response to the British Lion class. They formed the ‘second generation’ of German battlecruisers, with several improvements over the preceding SMS Seydlitz. Notably they moved all of the main armament onto the centreline and upgraded the main guns to the excellent 30.5 cm SK L/50. The secondary armament was fourteen 15 cm guns in casemates, with an anti-torpedo boat armament of twelve 8.8 cm guns. They could make 26.5 knots on four screws.


SMS Derfflinger was ordered from Blohm & Voss under the contract name ‘K’. She was laid down in March 1912 and was ready to launch in summer 1913. The first attempt failed when the ship became jammed on the wooden sledges, but the second attempt in July 1913 was successful. She was completed and commissioned on the 1st of September 1914 shortly after the outbreak of war.


The navy found her to be an excellent sea boat, though she did roll over quite a lot at full rudder. To combat this anti-roll tanks were added, which meant that two of the secondary guns had to be removed to make room.









She was part of the 1st Scouting Group for the duration of the war and took part in all of the major fleet advances, including the various operations bombarding the coastal towns of eastern England and the Battle of Dogger Bank in January 1915.


Her finest hour came at the Battle of Jutland on the 31st of May and 1st of June 1916. She was second in the line of the German Scouting Force behind Hipper’s flagship, her sister ship Lützow. Derfflinger engaged HMS Princess Royal, but the British ship was soon obscured by smoke and fumes, so she switched her fire to HMS Queen Mary. Queen Mary was already being engaged by SMS Seydlitz, and between them the two German battlecruisers soon scored a deadly hit that sent the British ship up in a huge magazine explosion.


As the battlecruisers joined up with the High Seas Fleet, they came under fire from the British 5th Battle Squadron. They took hits from British 15” shells, which caused Derfflinger to take on 300 tons of water at the bow. Sailing north in pursuit of the British battlecruisers, Hipper saw the light cruiser Wiesbaden which was dead in the water after taking a 12” shell from HMS Invincible. He altered course to support her, and soon saw the British armoured cruisers Defence and Warrior racing to finish off the crippled ship. Lützow opened fire, followed by Derfflinger and the rest of the battlecruisers. Defence was blown up almost immediately and Warrior suffered crippling damage before managing to limp away.


The German battlecruisers were then engaged by the approaching British 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron. The British ships soon scored several hits on Hipper’s fleet, including 10 hits on Lützow. Two of those hits from Invincible exploded below the waterline, leaving Lützow taking on a lot of water which would ultimately result in her sinking. Then abruptly Invincible became a clear target for Lützow and Derfflinger; their combined fire soon destroyed her with yet another magazine explosion.


The damage that Lützow had suffered effectively took her out of the battle. Shortly afterwards, Admiral Scheer ordered the battlecruisers to cover the retreat of the High Seas Fleet by making a charge towards the British line. Since Lützow was limping away, the task of leading the charge fell to Derfflinger.


Derfflinger led Seydlitz, Moltke and Von der Tann in what has been described as a “Death Ride”, sailing into the guns of the entire British Grand Fleet, into "the greatest concentration of naval gunfire any fleet commander had ever faced". 18 British battleships opened fire on them, at ever decreasing ranges. At their closest, the German ships had closed to within 4 miles of the Royal Navy ships. Derfflinger took especially heavy fire, and had two main gun turrets knocked out, but managed to veer away and lead the other battlecruisers to safety.


The British crews were grudgingly impressed by Derfflinger’s stubborn refusal to sink and gave her the enduring nickname “Iron Dog”.


In the night as the German fleet attempted to evade the British, Beatty’s battlecruisers came across Hipper’s at the rear of the High Seas Fleet. Hipper’s squadron was in no fit state to fight; one shell hit Derfflinger’s last operational gun turret and left her with no main armament in action at all. The battlecruisers managed to slip away once again, putting themselves behind the undamaged German pre-dreadnoughts.


Derfflinger made it back to port having been hit by 17 heavy calibre and 9 secondary shells. By the end of the battle she only had two main battery guns in action and took the heaviest casualties of any ship that wasn’t sunk; 157 killed and 26 wounded.











Derfflinger went an extended repair and refit until October 1916. Her battle damage was repaired, her pole foremast was removed and replaced with a sturdier tripod mast, her torpedo nets were removed and much of the 88mm anti torpedo boat armament was removed.








The rest of the war was uneventful for the German surface fleet, with no more major battles. Derfflinger was one of the ships interned in the British Naval base at Scapa Flow after the Armistice in November 1918. The German Navy suspected that they would be ordered to hand the ships over to the victorious allies once the peace treaty was signed, so in a last act of defiance the entire fleet was scuttled in the harbour in June 1919 about a week before the Treaty of Versailles was signed. Derfflinger rolled over and sank upside-down.


She was salvaged in the 1930s (still upside-down) and scrapped.













The Build

SMS Derfflinger was 210.4m long, so this 4:1 model is 842 blocks long overall. As ever with my builds, there’s no interior.

I've represented Derfflinger in the following versions:


Original Configuration, September 1914 - Early 1916



Derfflinger appears as she was at her commissioning in September 1914, based on specifications, line drawings and whatever photographs I could find. Unfortunately, photographs of her original configuration are somewhat rarer than those of the post-1916 refit, but I think I found enough. I've chosen to fly a single War Ensign at the stern.



At the Battle of Jutland, 31st May 1916



By the time of Jutland, the 8.8 cm guns had been removed from Derfflinger's forward superstructure, but the casemates were still in place.

At Jutland, every German ship had their rear funnel painted red as a form of recognition. I've also elected to fly a second War Ensign at the mainmast.



Late War Version, Summer 1916 - November 1918

While being repaired for battle damage suffered at Jutland, Derfflinger underwent a significant refit. The changes that would have been made here are:

- Replacement of the foremast with a new tripod mast
- Reworking of the mainmast and rigging
- Addition of a new enclosed bridge
- Removal of the anti-torpedo nets
- Removal of the aft 8.8cm guns
- Plating over of the 8.8cm casemates in the forward superstructure
- White circles painted on top of Berta and Cäsar turrets to aid identification for friendly aircraft and Zeppelins

Unfortunately the foremast for this version would be too tall to fit in the height limit, so I haven't been able to do it.

You can see how this version looked in real life in the colourised photo up above in the History bit.


However this does lead me on to -



Interned at Scapa Flow, November 1918 - June 1919




This version includes all of the changes listed for the 1916-1918 version above. The main difference is that when the German fleet was interned in Scapa Flow, Derfflinger's fore topmast was taken down - which rather handily puts it back into the height limit again. Aside from the lack of the fore topmast, this version is largely identical to how the 1916-1918 version would have been. The only other difference is that this version is not flying any ensigns - when the German ships surrendered, one of Admiral Beatty's first orders was that all their flags should be hauled down and not raised again.


The following album contains renders of the completed build: http://imgur.com/a/JkBvQ

The following album contains work in progress renders: http://imgur.com/a/auyKW



The World Download contains two versions of the map, one in water and one without water. Each map has got all three versions of the build in it. Please do let me know if you spot any mistakes. :)




Future Updates


This should be the last update to Derfflinger - unless I find some more mistakes or the height limit increases and allows me to properly do the 1917-1918 version.

After having built Derfflinger and Lützow, there remains one sister ship to do - SMS Hindenburg.

Hindenburg was built to a slightly modified design. She was about 2 metres longer, and like Lützow she carried the full 14 secondary guns. She was built from the outset with a tripod mast similar to the one that Derfflinger gained in her refit and had different funnel designs to the other two ships. Like Derfflinger's refit, the full height of the mast would put her above the height limit so I would have to do the version with the topmast taken down.







Licence






This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.




Additional Credit

Render by CrankerMan
Progress100% complete
Tags

2 Update Logs

Update #2 - Error fixes and new 1919 Version : 08/07/2016 2:31:11 pmAug 7th, 2016

1914 Version
- Error with 15cm casemates fixed.


Jutland Version
- Error with 15cm casemates fixed.
- 8.8cm guns removed from casemates in the forward superstructure.
- War ensign added at the mainmast.


NEW Scapa Flow 1919 Version Added

Changes for this version compared with the Jutland version:

- Tripod foremast replaces pole mast.
- Mainmast tops reworked.
- Rigging changed.
- Enclosed bridge added
- Torpedo nets removed
- Empty 8.8cm casemates plated over
- Aft 8.8cm guns removed
- White circles added on top of Berta and Cäsar turrrets


New renders added to account for the error fixes and the new version.

Download updated.

LOAD MORE LOGS

1
08/07/2016 11:51 pm
Level 48 : Master Architect
squirrel-friend
nice!
1
08/08/2016 5:44 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Cheers! I'm glad you like it - especially coming from such a great builder as you. :)
1
07/31/2016 12:07 pm
Level 58 : Grandmaster Sailor
_NamSek_
WHAT THE HELL????
This is very BEAUTIFUL and COOL
1
08/08/2016 5:43 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks - I like it when things get that sort of reaction!
1
08/24/2015 6:58 pm
Level 23 : Expert Engineer
Mr_Dzielnicowy
Really great work, especially that it is in 4/1 scale. It for sure took a lot of time and effort to create it with so many details. 


Greetings ~Mr_D
1
09/02/2015 4:40 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks :)

For a long time I resisted going to larger scales, but now I'm glad I did. The extra scope for fine detail is fantastic.
1
08/14/2015 11:04 pm
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
Dispharmacy
Wooow, This is incredible! Great, great work mate! 
You got ma diamond!
1
08/16/2015 6:51 am
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thankyou, sir! Took a lot of work, but I think it was worth it. :)
1
08/14/2015 7:05 pm
Level 24 : Expert Taco
SonarCST
Holy cow this is amazing mate!
1
08/16/2015 6:51 am
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks very much! Glad you like it.
1
08/14/2015 6:11 pm
Level 46 : Master Architect
GhostXavier
Very well done!  Congrats on your first larger than 1:1 scale I believe?
1
08/16/2015 6:35 am
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks. :) It is indeed my first ship larger than 1:1. I'm glad I decided to do it, just seeing the amount of extra detail I was able to get into it. At this sort of scale, you can do things that look like the actual ship, rather than a blocky approximation of it!

Not sure whether I'll be doing many more though, it did take rather a long time.
1
08/11/2015 2:51 am
Level 44 : Master Lad
Wooouh
i like this ! build hms warspite (as she appeared in original configuration as dreadnought,and how she appeared in ww2)
1
08/12/2015 6:01 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
If I decided to do another build at this scale, Warspite is certainly a good candidate for it. I've also considered doing a pre-dreadnought, but reference material might be a bit scarcer for those.
1
08/13/2015 2:12 am
Level 44 : Master Lad
Wooouh
make this (warspite as i said in original configuration and how she appeared in ww2)
but in 1:1 scale for pre:dreadnought good idea is the hms agamemnon
all these make in 1:1
for 4:1 scale make the hms nelson (1927)
and for derfflinger i'll try to make working guns on her
btw is the derfflinger a battlecruiser or a dreadnought/super dreadnought ?
1
08/13/2015 5:40 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
That's quite a list! And I've not got much time for it at the moment. It'll probably take me a long time to get around to doing Derfflinger's refit and her sister ships.

Derfflinger was a battlecruiser. The class were ordered following the 1912 amendment to the Naval Law which allowed the construction of 3 battleships - and von Tirpitz elected to instead build a reply to the British Lion class battlecruisers.

The German battlecruisers were always a bit closer to battleships than the British battlecruisers were; they weren't quite as fast or heavily armed but they were much better armoured and able to stand in the battle line -the German Naval command knew that they would need to, since the Royal Navy would greatly outnumber them in battleships. Every extra ship in the battle line would help.
1
08/14/2015 2:18 am
Level 44 : Master Lad
Wooouh
yea i know just dont do this immediatly
im retired for now too , im ill
1
08/05/2015 6:01 pm
Level 7 : Apprentice Miner
jon_man0499
i love the Derfflinger it is a beutiful ship a diamond for you
1
08/12/2015 5:59 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks. :) I've always thought the Derfflingers are a beautiful class, that's what made me want to build them.
1
08/20/2015 8:13 pm
Level 7 : Apprentice Miner
jon_man0499
they are one of my favorite ww1 style warships and now that flyhawk has released a 1/700 scale model i so want to get it  :)
1
08/02/2015 2:23 am
Level 37 : Artisan Engineer
-TheEngineerGuy-
Holy! First off DIAMOND for one of the first 4/1 Ships ;) This discription is simply amazing. Well done. :)

greeting
1
08/02/2015 3:50 am
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks! Seeing your excellent builds was one of the things that made me want to try this scale. I love the extra detail that you can add, especially compared to my old 1:1 ships.

Glad you like it :)
1
08/02/2015 9:01 am
Level 37 : Artisan Engineer
-TheEngineerGuy-
Check out my Neptune ;) We do the same thing just with a older steamer and also interior.

greeting
1
08/01/2015 6:39 pm
Level 54 : Grandmaster Explorer
Desdruktiva
What program did you use for the renders?
1
08/01/2015 6:58 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
I did them in Chunky.

I've been quite impressed with some of the renders people have been posting of ships recently with very realistic oceans. A bit jealous really, because I've never got my oceans looking very good. That's why I've not done many renders at sea - maybe it's just my textures, but you can always see the part of the sea bed that's in the selection even when the water world setting is turned on.

The 'vintage' photos are chunky renders edited in GIMP - smoke airbrushed in, HSV Noise added, image desaturated and a layer mask added with a slight sepia tone.
1
08/02/2015 2:50 am
Level 43 : Master Engineer
T0NG
If you want, I can share my chunky water setting
1
08/01/2015 9:43 pm
Level 54 : Grandmaster Explorer
Desdruktiva
Thank you, have you tried changing your water level? Could be an issue with that, water world mode should allready have that problem fixed though, and it is most certainly not a texture related issue.
1
08/02/2015 3:45 am
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Yeah, I'm really not sure what causes it - I take great care to make sure the water level is set to the correct height. Now I think of it, I should maybe check to see if I'm still running an old version or something.
1
08/02/2015 7:47 am
Level 54 : Grandmaster Explorer
Desdruktiva
I suppse that is a possibility, as far as I know the only thing that should cause a problem like that is the water level, until I just went into chunky now, this is probably it; try setting your water visiblity to 9.00 and your water opacity to 0.42. Doubt ray depth has anything to do with it but for safety, put it @ 20. Now as a protip I recomend CGSkies for skyboxes ;)  Hope this solves the water, good luck.
1
08/02/2015 5:47 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks for the tips. I'm away visiting friends at the moment, but when I get home I'll give it a try. I'd like to do a few more 'at sea' renders.
1
08/01/2015 5:37 pm
Level 62 : High Grandmaster Senpai
GrayRemnant
Wow!  Impressive build!  O.O
1
08/01/2015 6:55 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks, sir! :)
1
08/01/2015 4:49 pm
Level 52 : Grandmaster Sailor
tillwill
unfortunate to see this overlooked because of the competition going on.
you should make the USS Olympia (C-6)
1
08/01/2015 6:54 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
I didn't stop to think about the competition. Ah well, maybe this can get a bit more attention if I update it with the 1916 refit somewhere down the line. 

USS Olympia looks like an interesting ship. I'm not sure what I might do next - apart from modifying this build into the refit and doing her sister ships. If I do another build at this scale, I'd be tempted to do a pre-dreadnought.
1
08/01/2015 10:09 pm
Level 52 : Grandmaster Sailor
tillwill
if you do uss olympia try 1:1 pls
1
08/01/2015 4:42 am
Level 44 : Master Lad
Wooouh
Haha cool,but you can build her as salvaged :D
1
08/01/2015 6:52 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Flip upside down and paste? :) Though there'd probably be a lot of work in building that floating dock. Maybe at some point!
1
08/01/2015 1:19 am
Level 39 : Artisan Sailor
Anchor_Yuki
OMGGGGGGGGGGG
What a BEAUTIFUL Hull !!!! :)
1
08/01/2015 6:51 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks very much! I was really pleased with the way the hull came out. Took a long time to do, but I think it was worth it. :)
1
08/01/2015 12:04 am
Level 22 : Expert Pirate
Xtasy8132
YEESSSSSSSS I've been like in a no-internet cave for about 3 weeks and to come back and see this just made my day \o/

Last time I saw it, she was just a simple hulk and now the iron dog is looking beautiful!!!  Fantastic job good sir!
1
08/01/2015 6:51 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
I like that reaction! :)

The hull was tedious to build, but I'm very pleased with the result. The superstructure was a bit more interesting, and kept me going at quite a rate. I think the whole thing just came together really well in the end, and I'm looking forward to doing the 1916 refit... after a bit of a break.
1
07/31/2015 10:50 pm
Level 43 : Master Engineer
T0NG
no word needs EPiC!

Good work :D
1
08/01/2015 6:47 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks! I was definitely pleased with it. :)
1
08/02/2015 2:56 am
Level 43 : Master Engineer
T0NG
especially Hull of ship is so beutiful, It descibe all of your effort to lookss like real curve

I'll look foward to seeing next work
1
08/02/2015 5:52 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
I used a good line drawing of the ship that had a top down and a side on view, and changed its scale so that each pixel as equivalent to one block in the final build. That made a pretty good template that I could follow for the 'frame', and then I filled it in by eye until in thought it looked right. The hull took a long time to do, but I was pleased with the way it turned out. I think the same applies to this 4:1 scale in general - it takes a long time but the results are worth it. :)
1
07/31/2015 9:01 pm
Level 30 : Artisan Architect
CASEY260
This is amazing!
1
08/01/2015 6:46 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks :)
1
07/31/2015 8:08 pm
Level 52 : Grandmaster Sailor
tillwill
Prefer 1:1 but beautiful
1
08/01/2015 6:46 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Thanks! I've done a lot of ships in 1:1. Much quicker to build, but I loved the extra detail that I could get in at this scale. Even though it did mean it took *much* longer.
1
07/31/2015 6:42 pm
Level 49 : Master Baconator
Rainbou_Fondler
i like how they actually started building houses on its hull after salvaging it. lol
1
08/01/2015 6:45 pm
Level 42 : Master Engineer
ConfuseACat
Yeah, that photo makes me smile!
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