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Lviv National Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet [Project have been frozen] (Проект заморожен)

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Swavis's Avatar Swavis
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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The Lviv State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater was built in 1897-1900 under a project designed by architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski. The building is erected in historicist style and influenced by the so-called Vienna Neo-Renaissance. The monumental theater building has occupied a key position in the architectural ensemble of the city’s main avenue created in the late 19th – early 20th century.




History



On 12 July 1895 a competition for the project of a new theater was announced by the Lviv's magistrate; however, due to the harsh conditions of the competition, only two projects were received by the Competition Committee before the deadline (1 January 1896). The first prize was given to a project entitled "Ludendo monet" designed by architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski, while the second one was given to a project "Justitia" designed by Jan Zawiejski.

Both architects were given time till 30 April 1896 to complete their projects. The competition was finally won by architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski, who was also the director of the Lviv Applied Art school. Many elements of the building's external and internal design were also executed under his projects later; it is for this building that he was decorated with the Order of the Iron Crown (3rd class) in 1901. Architect Jan Noworyta was his immediate assistant.

The theater was built in 1897-1900. To lay the theater's foundations, the architect proposed to change the channel of the river Poltva, which then flowed under the street from the side of what is now the Maria Zankovetska theater and under the Rizni square.

All the construction works were supervised by the Theater Building Committee, headed by the then president of the city Godzimir Malachowski. The Committee consisted of the vice-presidents of the city Michał Michalski and Stanisław Ciuchciński, who used to come to the building site every day; apart from them, the following members of the City Council were on the committee: architects and builders Andrzej Gołąb, Józef Kajetan Janowski, Wincenty Rawski; Polytechnic professors Roman Dzieślewski and Bronisław Pawelski; lawyers Edward Lilien and Alexander Mariański; University professor Ludwik Rydygier; doctor Edward Strojnowski. Zygmunt Gorgolewski (who acted as both artistic and technical construction manager), director of the city building administration Juliusz Hochberger, Magistrate advisor Bolesław Ostrowski, city engineer Maciej Czerny-Schwarzenberg, delegates of the Provincial Department (the Galician Sejm's executive body) Tadeusz Romanowicz and Wladysław Łoziński, a renowned historian and collector of art, were on the Committee too.

The construction works (including earth and concrete works, brickwork and stonework) were conducted by Ivan Levynskyi's (Jan Lewiński) and Józef Sosnowski's architectural and building company.

Earth works were started on 5 June 1897. The foundation pit (16,500 m3) was dug by hand. In so doing, the foundations of old fortification walls and the remains of oak piles were revealed, which once reinforced the banks of the Poltva. These foundations must have been related to the bastion on a little island, built in 1703 to protect the north-western corner of the Low Castle; it crossed the pit obliquely. On 21 August 1897 workers started to place concrete into the strip foundation under the future theater building. The foundation was approved by a special theater committee, led by Gwalbert Ziembicki and created by the Polytechnic Society members. The asphalt waterproofing was arranged by the asphalt and ruberoid factory owned by Stanisław Szeliga Łyszkiewicz.

Carpentry works were done by Krykiewicz's company, joinery by the company of the Wczeliak brothers, painting works by the company of Preidl and Kaczorowski, glass works by the company of Kupfer and Glanser, tin works by Henryk Bogdanowicz's company, blacksmith and locksmith works by the company of Gottlieb and Svoboda. Metal structures for the roof bridging and stage constructions were provided by the Sanok machines and carriages factory; electric lighting was arranged by the Siemens and Halske company from Germany. The ventilation of the opera theater was provided by the Johannes Haas company from Vienna in alliance with Władysław Niemeksza (1862-1905), a Lviv citizen. Fresh air came to the theater premises from a nearby booth (located near the side façade of the Stanisław Skarbek's old theater, now the Maria Zankovetska Theater).

In the booth, constructed in the shape of a rotonda, air was cooled and cleaned and then fed into the hall through a system of holes made in the floor. Used air was eliminated through a series of air vents located under the edges and in the four corners of the ceiling and covered with decorated gratings. These gratings were made according to drafts designed by the theater architect, Zygmunt Gorgolewski. Air was then brought out through four ventilation shafts, which were disguised as decorative lanterns at the corners of the theater's dome.

The theater was solemnly opened on 4 October 1900. Shortly, however, the soil under the theater began to sink to a greater extent than expected, and cracks began to appear in the theater walls. In the meantime, Zygmunt Gorgolewski died suddenly due to aortic paralysis in July of 1903.

The monumental main stage curtain, with its picturesque allegorical composition "Parnassus," is of high artistic value; Henryk Siemiradzki, a renowned academic-style artist who lived in Rome at that time, was commissioned to make it for the theater. The artist did not manage to implement the order in time before the opening of the theater, so the curtain was brought to Lviv on 16 October 1900 and was first demonstrated to the audience on 13 January 1901. Since 1967 this picture of Siemiradzki has been owned by the Lviv Art Gallery.

In 1978-1984 a reconstruction of the theater was carried out. It was at that time that the stage curtain was restored. It is protected carefully, and now it can be seen only at premiere performances and during major celebrations. A bronze sculpture of the theater patroness, famous Ukrainian singer Solomiya Krushelnytska, was placed in the center of the theater hall in 2002.












If you would like to help with the interior or building:

Discord: discord.gg/F6G4MpS
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5 Update Logs

Update #6 : by Swavis 07/11/2021 7:38:16 amJul 11th, 2021

project have been frozen
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MyKokos
02/12/2023 11:42 am
Level 1 : New Miner
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you did not write about Piotr Wójtowicz. He is my great-grandfather, and he was a sculptor. He created copper sculptures in this theater
1
Krysot
07/11/2021 9:37 am
Level 63 : High Grandmaster Engineer
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I hope you come back to it soon, it looks promising. :)
2
Swavis
07/19/2021 5:21 am
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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Soon everything, now, in principle, now all my robots are frozen (which have not yet been completed) because my server file is stuck on mediafire, since I changed the system and loaded the server file with buildings on mediafire, but the problem is that I did not load the file is in zip format and I can not download it, because I have no "pro"
2
Swavis
07/11/2021 11:37 am
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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Well, I guess I won`t be returning to this project until 1.18 is released. or when I finish my other project "Veladis"
2
Magic0wls
01/06/2021 12:50 am
Level 22 : Expert Narwhal
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Thats impressive
2
Swavis
01/10/2021 11:28 pm
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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Thanks!
1
Emi_M1
11/26/2020 7:28 am
Level 1 : New Miner
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Wooow!!!
2
Swavis
11/26/2020 7:42 am
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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:)
1
Kekasy
11/26/2020 2:39 am
Level 52 : Grandmaster Giraffe
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лол не ожидал увидеть тут вообще упоминание львова.
2
Swavis
11/26/2020 3:34 am
Level 33 : Artisan Engineer
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Я тоже : D
2

Welcome